Author: Stein Tree

Trimming Shrubs in Wilmington

What is the Difference between Pruning and Trimming Shrubs in Wilmington?

Trimming Shrubs in Wilmington

Often, the terms pruning and trimming are used interchangeably by homeowners to indicate the removal of unwanted foliage from their trees, bushes, and shrubs. However, these two terms mean different things to horticultural experts, such as the professional and certified arborists at Stein Tree Service. Knowing the difference between pruning and trimming shrubs in Wilmington can have a huge impact on the overall health and appearance of your landscaping. 

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Emergency Tree Removal Service in Wilmington

Stein Tree Service Announces That Their TreeFall Program Can Save Homeowners Thousands on Emergency Tree Removal Service in Wilmington

Stein Tree Service has announced that their new TreeFall Program, which is available in two service levels, can save homeowners both stress and money on emergency tree removal service in Wilmington.

Emergency Tree Removal Service in Wilmington

Wilmington, DE – October, 2016 – Stein Tree Service has announced new TreeFall Programs designed to help homeowners save potentially thousands on emergency tree removal service in Wilmington this winter. Available in two levels, the TreeFall Program reduces out of pocket expenses for storm damage clean up that homeowners’ insurance is unwilling to cover.

Insurance, depending on each individual policy, often only covers the removal of a tree that has hit a home. Additional damage, clean up, and downed trees then become the responsibility of the homeowner, which can cost thousands depending on the severity of the damage. Stein Tree Service has designed their TreeFall Program to reduce these costs, and bring peace of mind to their customers. 

The TreeFall Programs at Stein Tree Service include two levels; level one provides up to five hours of storm clean up, and level two provides up to ten hours. Each level offers homeowners drastically low annual prices compared to the hourly rate of emergency tree removal service in Wilmington, potentially saving thousands, and includes:

  • Removal of the portion of the downed tree that homeowners’ insurance disallows.
  • Removal of additional downed trees that fell without hitting a structure, or that hit a non-insured structure.
  • Debris removal and storm clean up.

Those interested in learning more about the TreeFall Programs, or who would like to request a consultation, are encouraged to contact Stein Tree Service directly.

About Stein Tree Service

Stein Tree Service began as a one-man company in 1983, and over the years has grown to include industry experts, including ISA Certified Arborists. Stein Tree Service proudly works within Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania to provide individuals, businesses, and municipalities with expert tree service and storm clean up.


Stein Tree Service

3607 Downing DR

Wilmington, DE 19802

(302) 478-3511

Disclaimer: All correspondence including payments

should be sent to the Mailing Address:

P.O. Box 367

Rockland, DE 19732

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Tree Stump Removal Service in Wilmington

Five Reasons to Consider a Tree Stump Removal Service in Wilmington

Tree stumps are an inevitable part of owning property with trees. After a tree is downed, homeowners often decide to leave the stumps in the ground, either to reduce tree removal costs, or to avoid clean-up efforts. However, doing so can actually end up costing you more in landscaping and home maintenance, so having a Wilmington tree stump removal service remove the problem is a smart move.

Five Potential Problems Tree Stumps can Cause

Safety Hazards

Making sure the home and surrounding areas are free from safety issues should be high on any property owner’s priority list. As innocent as low cut stumps may appear, stumps can actually create hazards for both adults and children because stumps are easily hidden behind shrubs and grass.  This factor can lead to tripping or can create issues when mowing occurs.

Reduced Curb Appeal

Unless stumps are artfully crafted into yard art by a highly talented and experienced wood carver, leftover stumps can reduce a home’s curb appeal, which could potentially affect the sale price of the property. Using a tree stump removal service in Wilmington, however, can transform the unsightly stump into a blank landscaping canvas suitable for giving the property a makeover, and actually increase the curb appeal.  

Insect Infestation

Tree stumps are ideal locations for many harmful pests. Termites, carpenter ants, and other wood-boring insects quickly move into the rotting stumps. Insects play a major role in decomposing and are vital to a healthy ecosystem; however, insects can spread into the surrounding trees and buildings, causing thousands of dollars’ worth of property damage. Removing the stump reduces these pests and the risk to the home.

Sapling Growth from the Stump

Particularly important when the tree was removed due to space or drainage issues, when left in the yard, stumps may grow new saplings. New growth, while slow and steady, will eventually lead to the same circumstances that led to the initial removal. Removing the stump minimizes the risks of a new tree causing the same problems.

Difficult Landscaping Upkeep 

Stumps create unique maintenance and landscaping challenges. Mowing and weed control can become difficult, especially for large and oddly shaped stumps. Simple upkeep can also take a lot longer than if the stump was removed, potentially causing property owners to allow the landscape around the stump to become overgrown, and creating a safety hazard.

Stein Tree Service Can Help

An experienced tree stump removal service in Wilmington, such as Stein Tree Service, can reduce these risks and help you beautify your yard. For more information or to request a consultation, please contact the experts at Stein Tree Service today.

Trimming Shrubs in Wilmington

When Is the Best Time for Trimming Shrubs in Wilmington DE?

Trimming Shrubs in Wilmington

Landscaping maintenance, such as trimming shrubs in Wilmington, is important for curb appeal, and also for the health of your trees, shrubs, and other plants. The timing of pruning or trimming in particular, can mean the difference between an explosion of beautiful foliage or the loss of a beloved tree.

Some Guidelines for Successfully Trimming Shrubs and Trees

Avoid Trimming Shrubs and Trees when they are Vulnerable

The exact timing for pruning depends a great deal on the desired outcome. However, unless you notice damage on the tree or shrub, pruning should be avoided in the fall, during droughts, and at the coldest part of winter. Trimming shrubs in Wilmington during these times opens the shrub or tree to infection by fungal spores, or disease. 

Prune during Dormancy for the Best New Growth

Generally, late winter to early spring is the best time to trim or prune, allowing for the greatest burst of new growth. Plants, which are dormant in the winter, will have greater reserves to nurture more vibrant and lush growth. The type of plant in question will also play a large part in deciding the best time for maintenance. 

Encourage Vibrant Blooms on Flowering Trees and Shrubs

Homeowners plant flowering trees and shrubs to enjoy the beautiful blooms, sweet scents, and wildlife drawn to the plants. Pruning can enhance these flowers by encouraging new blooms, and the timing depends on when the plant flowers. Those that bloom in the early spring should be pruned after their flowers fade. Summer bloomers are best trimmed in late winter to early spring.

Control Growth by Trimming in the Summer

Summer trimming slows the growth of the plant by limiting the plant’s access to sun and nutrients. When done after the growth cycle, trimming shrubs in Wilmington stunts the tree or shrub. A few reasons homeowners decide to prune in the summer include:

  • Control the growth to balance foliage lushness.
  • Reduce development to maintain smaller trees or shrubs.
  • Remove branches that are damaged, dead, or otherwise hindering the plant.
  • Remove branches that buckle under the weight of the leaves.

Call Stein Tree Service for Expert Help Trimming Shrubs and Trees

Plants are delicate and improper trimming and pruning can leave the plant disfigured, open to disease, or can even kill the plant. Knowing the best ways and times is important to maintain the beauty of the landscape. Before you attempt trimming shrubs in Wilmington, you should learn about the best methods for particular plants, or contact a professional tree service provider.

To learn more about trimming or pruning plants in the Delaware, Maryland, or Pennsylvania areas, please contact the experts at Stein Tree Service today.

Emergency Tree Removal Service in Wilmington

Prevent the Need for Emergency Tree Removal Service in Wilmington This Winter

Emergency Tree Removal Service in Wilmington; A tree has fallen onto a house, crushing part of the roof

As fall works its way toward winter, homeowners need to turn their attention to winterizing their homes and property to prevent damage. However, homeowners often overlook the condition of their trees, which can result in costly damages to homes, vehicles, and personal property, as well as the cost of hiring an emergency tree removal service in Wilmington. 


Reduce the Risk of Storm Damage

Prevention is Important

Winter storms are a leading cause of downed trees and limbs. Ice builds up on weakened branches, soil erodes under dry rotted roots, and strong winds knock down even thick set trunks. When tree limbs tear or fall completely, they can cause thousands of dollars’ worth of property damage, and can even cause personal injuries to loved ones. Prevention is key in reducing these risks, and should be completed along with other winter preparations. 

Incorporate Tree Health into Winter Preparations

Ensuring the home and property are safe from winter storm damages caused by trees and their branches is an important step for all property owners. To make sure your property is safe, incorporate inspecting your trees into your winter preparation ritual. In the event your property has very large trees, an experienced arborist, such as those at Stein Tree Service, should be contacted to safely perform the inspections.

What Homeowners Should Look For

While homeowners should contact a Certified Arborist to inspect larger trees, homeowners can perform basic inspections. When surveying your property, here is what you should look for to prevent the need for emergency tree removal service in Wilmington:

  • Damaged trunks or large limbs, such as those affected by past storms.
  • Signs of decay, such as hollow trunks, increased insect activity, and fungal growth.
  • Trees that lean drastically or look as if they are growing lopsidedly. 
  • Branches that overhang roofs, sheds, and vehicle parking areas.
  • Branches that contact or overhang power lines.
  • Trees with V-shaped forks.

Contact the Experts at Stein Tree Service

Basic maintenance, such as pruning, may be done by the homeowner. For more complicated large scale tasks, or in the event of a possible infestation, homeowners and business owners should contact the experts. Experienced arborists and tree risk assessors can inspect the trees in question, and safely address the problems.

While prevention is key to avoiding costly emergency tree removal services in Wilmington, accidents happen. Having a plan in place, such as the TreeFall Program at Stein Tree Service, can reduce unexpected expenses and stress.

Since 1983, Stein Tree Service has helped homeowners and businesses in the Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania areas with trimming shrubs and trees, evaluating tree health and removing unwanted tree stumps. To learn more about how to prevent winter storm damages caused by trees, please contact the professionals at Stein Tree Service.

Cottony Camellia Scale

Cottony Camellia Scale insects tap into plants and feed on plant sap, weakening and even killing plants over time. Cottony scale insects produce a cottony egg mass from which the mobile crawler stage hatches. The young crawler stage is also the easiest stage to control.

Scale insects are closely related to aphids but most don’t look like insects at all, appearing legless and attached to the plant’s leaves or stems (see photo right). Scale insects feed by tapping into the plant stem or leaf and withdrawing plant sap. Like aphids, they are often associated with sticky honeydew which supports the growth of black, sooty mold.

Some scale insects produce a cottony sac (see photo right) that contains hundreds or thousands of eggs. Scale insects that make these cottony egg sacs are called cottony scales. Eggs generally hatch in early summer and release the crawler stage, the only highly mobile stage in the insect’s life cycle. The active crawler stage is also the one that must be targeted for effective control.

There are many scale insect pests of ornamental plants and they have very complex life cycles and host plant interactions. One of the best comprehensive sources of information about these pests on ornamental plants is Insects That Feed on Trees and Shrubs by Johnson and Lyon (see Amazon below right).

Plant damage caused by scale insects

Plant damage is related to the sap that scale insects take from the plant. Over time as more sap is extracted the plant weakens, leaves may drop and eventually whole branches may die.

Plants that are stressed by drought, root damage or disease are better hosts for many pests including scale insects. These same stressed plants may be killed by high scale insect populations. In addition, sooty mold growing on the leaf surface can interfere with normal processes and can further weaken the plant.
Scale insect control

The most important part of scale insect control is timing. Control measures must be timed to coincide with hatching of the crawler stage which usually occurs in early summer for cottony scales. If properly timed, and good spray coverage is achieved, soft insecticides like insecticidal soaps and oils are just as effective as conventional insecticides (see Using Insecticidal Soap For Garden Pest Control). Over the long run soaps and oils may be more effective since they preserve the natural enemy complex which may account for most of the long term control of these plant pests.

Scout plants starting in late spring. Use a hand lens to look for scale crawlers on the underside of leaves or near cottony egg sacs. Scale crawlers will be about the size of spider mites but amber in color. Once crawlers are found control treatments can begin. It may take several seasons to completely control a severe scale infestation. Scale infestations often take years to develop and it is unlikely that you’ll eliminate them overnight.

Birch Leafminer – Among the Most Common Insect Pests Affecting Birch Trees

Birch leafminers Fenusa pusilla (Lepeletier) are sawflies, which are closely related to bees and wasps. They are among the most common insect pests affecting Birch trees (Betula spp.) in North America. Areas inside the leaves are consumed by the larvae affecting the leaves’ ability to produce food. Yearly browning of birch leaves are noticed in mid-July and August, but the leafminers have been feeding inside the leaf tissue since early spring.

Life cycle

Leafminer Larva

Leafminers overwinter in the soil as prepupae. Adults emerge in May to late June to early July, depending on temperature and humidity. Oviposition (egg-laying) peaks during the last week of June. Adult birch leafminers are small (about 1/8 to 1/4 inch long), black and fly like. Females deposit their eggs singly in slits cut in the central areas of young leaves, usually near the tips of branches. More than one female may lay eggs in a leaf.

The eggs hatch into legless, worm-like larvae. These immature larvae feed individually between the leaf surfaces, creating blotchy kidney shaped mines. The immature leafminers feed for several weeks, then drop to the ground where they enter the soil layer to develop into pupae. They pupate and remain there until the following spring. After overwintering as prepupae in the soil below the tree, the adults emerge just as the birch trees are leafed out. Adults are almost all females.


The areas of leaves that are consumed by the amber marked birch leafminer larva turn brown. Because people often do not see the early signs of birch leafminer feeding, it often appears the tree has suddenly dried up or become diseased. This browning is caused by the outer layers of the leaf drying out after the leaf miner larva has consumed the green tissue between the outer layers of the leaf. Early mines appear as light green or whitish discolorations on the leaves.

Larvae sometimes can be seen easily when leaves are held up to sunlight, especially as the mines and larvae grow larger. Feeding over several weeks causes the blemish to take on a blister-like appearance. A single leaf can contain as many as 40 larvae whose mines may merge to destroy the total photosynthetic area of the leaf. Heavy infestations of leafminer larvae can seriously affect a tree’s photosynthetic capacity. Repeated attacks will generally cause stress which may induce susceptibility of the tree to other injurious agents.

Species Responsible

There are two species mainly responsible for defoliation and browning of birch trees in the United States and Canada. In Northern forests, it is the Amber Marked Leafminer, Profenusa thomsoni, which were accidentally introduced from Europe to North America early in the 1900s. The other is the Birch Leafminer, Fenusa pusilla, which is more common in Eastern forests.

Biological Control of Birch leafminers

Mature Birch Leafminer

Presently there is no commercially available biological control agent to control Amber marked birch leafminers, however Canadian trees in the Edmonton area have been successfully controlled with releases of a parasitic wasp, Lathrolestes luteolator. Populations of the tiny parasitoid wasp selectively attack the most damaging birch leafmining pest (Profenusa thomsoni) have developed and drastically reduced the problem in the Edmonton area of Canada.

Following trials in 1995 that supported a dramatic reduction in birch leafminer damage by the first parasitoid, the City of Edmonton, Canada discontinued pesticide treatments to almost 3,500 city birch trees in 1996 and 1997. These trees continue to show very little leafminer damage without any treatment.

Chemical Control

Spinosad can be used to control birch leafminers prior to extensive damage. Spinosad is a new chemical class of insecticides derived from a soil dwelling bacterium discovered in 1982. It is considered practically non-toxic to humans, pets, and beneficial insects. Unlike other insecticides, Spinosad will not harm beneficial insects including the Amber Marked Leafminer parasite.

Horticultural oil applications applied at the right time may help kill eggs or tiny larvae within the leaf tissue. Oil applications should be made as soon as adults have emerged in the spring and egg laying has occurred and should continue weekly until mid June. Pesticides made with botanical plant oils may be especially useful to prevent egg laying. Neem oil acts as a repellent and may interfere with the egg laying activity of female leaf miners.

Systemic insecticides are chemical pesticides that are absorbed into the tissues of plants. These pesticides make the entire plant, or parts of the plant, poisonous to insects that feed on the plant tissue. Most systemics are very toxic to people and pets. Trunk injections are confined to the tree’s cambium layer, where it is carried to the leaf tissue by the movement of the tree’s sap.

FREE, No Obligation Consultation

Call Stein Tree Service at (302) 478-3511 or Click Here to request your Free, No Obligation Consultation with one of our ISA Board Certified Arborists.

Content sourced from Wikipedia

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Stein Tree Service is rated with ISN Networld

Stein Tree rated by ISN Networld

ISNetworld’s functionality gives Hiring Clients the ability to measure key performance metrics while promoting transparency, clear communication and sustainable operations. By identifying contractors who meet both client-specific and regulatory standards, Hiring Clients are able to drive sustainable performance improvements while lowering costs and strengthening relationships with their contractors.

Understanding Insect & Disease Problems With Your Trees

Insects and diseases can threaten tree health. As soon as you notice any abnormality in your tree’s appearance, you should begin a careful examination of the problem. By identifying the specific symptoms of damage and understanding their causes, you may be able to diagnose the problem and select an appropriate treatment.


Basic elements that influence plant health include sufficient water and light, and a proper balance of nutrients. Too much or too little of any of these environmental conditions may cause plant stress.

Environmental stress weakens plants and makes them more susceptible to insect and disease attack.

Trees deal with environmental stresses, such as shading and competition for water and nutrients in their native environment, by adjusting their growth and development patterns to reflect the availability of the resources. Although trees are adapted to living in stressful conditions in nature, many times the stresses they experience in the landscape are more than they can handle and may make them more susceptible to insects and diseases.


Correct diagnosis of plant health problems requires a careful examination of the situation.

  1. Accurately identify the plant. Because many insects and diseases are plant-specific, this information can quickly limit the number of suspected diseases and disorders.
  2. Look for a pattern of abnormality. It may be helpful to compare the affected plant with other plants on the site, especially those of the same species. Differences in color or growth may present clues as to the source of the problem. Non-uniform damage patterns may indicate insects or diseases. Uniform damage over a large area (perhaps several plant species) usually indicates disorders caused by such factors as physical injury, poor drainage, or weather.
  3. Carefully examine the landscape. The history of the property and adjacent land may reveal many problems. The number of species affected may also help distinguish between infectious pathogens that are more plant-specific as compared to chemical or environmental factors that affect many different species. Most living pathogens take a relatively long time to spread throughout an area, so if a large percentage of plants becomes diseased virtually overnight, a pathogen is probably not involved.
  4. Examine the roots. Note their color: brown or black roots may signal problems. Brown roots often indicate dry soil conditions or the presence of toxic chemicals. Black roots usually reflect overly wet soil or the presence of root-rotting organisms.
  5. Check the trunk and branches. Examine the trunk thoroughly for wounds because they provide entrances for pathogens and wood-rotting organisms. Wounds can be caused by weather, fire, lawn mowers, and rodents, as well as a variety of other environmental and mechanical factors. Large defects may indicate a potentially hazardous tree.
  6. Note the position and appearance of affected leaves. Dead leaves at the top of the tree are usually the result of environmental or mechanical root stress. Twisted or curled leaves may indicate viral infection, insect feeding, or exposure to herbicides. The size and color of the foliage may tell a great deal about the plant’s condition. Make note of these and any other abnormalities.

FREE, No Obligation Consultation

Call Stein Tree Service at (302) 478-3511 or Click Here to request your Free, No Obligation Consultation with one of our ISA Board Certified Arborists.

We Offer Free Tree Service Consultations. Stein Tree Service is licensed in Delaware, Pennsylvania and Maryland.


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