Dormancy is a state of “sleep” or inactivity for plants and trees in the winter. The state helps them survive the harsh winter weather. Those who specialize in tree care in Wilmington, DE are well versed in the subject of dormancy because often trees must be pruned or inspected during dormancy for best results.
You might be surprised to learn that some activity does occur during dormancy. Processes are typically slowed down, so plants require less nutrients and water to survive. Roots and some other internal processes still take place.
Preparing for Dormancy
When trees begin receiving less light and experience temperature drops, they “know” that winter is coming and begin to prepare. Trees take their remaining nutrients and begin to seal themselves off from their leaves before dropping them in the fall. This process allows the tree to lower its need for water and nutrients. Mulching in the fall helps insulate a tree and reduce moisture loss.
For most trees, this time of rest, or dormancy, is the best time for pruning. Trees are less likely to be “shocked” by the activity and wounded limbs. In addition, since the ground is frozen, less trauma due to compaction occurs.
Inspection during winter and spring dormancy is a great idea because tree professionals are able to see the tree structure and unobscured bark. Areas of decay or injury will be more easily recognized.
Evergreen trees experience dormancy as well, but in a different way. Their needles become coated with a heavy waxy substance that prevents them from losing moisture. In addition, they have a chemical inside that helps them to resist freezing.
As the winter nears its end, trees are exposed to warmer temperatures, even in short interludes, and they begin to have increased activity. Sometimes you will see budding, and may worry about early blooming. However, trees are equipped to handle these brief periods of warming prior to the actual advent of summer. As days become longer, and the air and ground warm up, trees are able to recognize that their growth period has arrived again.
Trust Stein Tree for Your Tree Care in Wilmington, DE
Stein Tree Service performs inspections, tree pruning or removal, pest treatment and other tree care in Wilmington, DE area as well as Pennsylvania. Our certified arborists and tree care specialists take great care to make sure your trees thrive. For information about our services or to schedule a free consultation, contact us today.